he replied. How Einstein the boy became Einstein the man is a story told in more than one biography, but nowhere better than in. Einstein's own sketch of his life. This book presents a unique portrait of the famous physicist Albert Einstein entirely based on clippings of a great New-York newspaper: The New York Times. The impressive number of articles about his life and his works offers an original approach to this character. Over the years many have written biographies of Einstein. They all based their biographies on primary sources, archival material: memories and letters of people.
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Albert Einstein Biography. Born in , Ulm Germany, Albert Einstein was to become the most celebrated scientist of the Twentieth Century. His theories were . 1. Albert Einstein: His Biography in a Nutshell. Michel Janssen. Albert Einstein was born on March 14, , into a middle-class Jewish family in the Swabian. This PDF file contains most of the text of the Web exhibit “Einstein – Image and Impact” at Einstein Speaks on Nuclear Weapons and World Peace
Einstein's fame derives from his work as a physicist. The author recognizes the revolutionary nature of Einstein's paper proposing that light consisted of particles and that, in so doing, he was the father of quantum physics for Max Planck, the quantum idea was only a mathematical device with no physical significance.
The special and general theories of relativity are developed nicely in separate chapters. Einstein's other important contributions to physics are sprinkled throughout the book. Einstein accepted the fact that the formalism of quantum mechanics had the ability to predict experimental results; however, he did not accept the physical interpretations that were largely the work of Niels Bohr. This author provides insights into Einstein's private and public lives. Einstein was consumed by physics; consequently, his wives and children took second place.
Einstein was a celebrity, and he was sexy. As a result, women were readily available to him, and he took advantage of his opportunities. Einstein was religious, but without a personal God; he was a Zionist, but would not move to Israel or be its president. What Einstein did in spacetime physics, in statistical mechanics, and in quantum physics, he viewed as such intermediate ridges, such way stations, such panoramic points for planning further advance, not as achievements in themselves.
Those way sta- tions were not his goals. They were not even preplanned means to his goal. They were catch-as-catch-can means to his goal. Schilpp Evanston, Ill. There is only the goal, that distant peak.
Who was this climber? How did he come to be bewitched by the mountain? Where did he learn to climb so well? Who were his companions? What were some of his adventures? And how far did he get? It was a small, quiet, unpublicized seminar. Unified field theory was to be the topic, it became clear, when Einstein entered the room and began to speak. His English, though a little accented, was beautifully clear and slow.
Einstein: A to Z
His delivery was spontaneous and serious, with every now and then a touch of humor. It was clear on this first encounter that Einstein was following very much his own line, independent of the interest in nuclear physics then at high tide in the United States. Clark, book review, Science, It was the last talk he ever gave, almost exactly a year before his cleath.
He not only reviewed how he looker! One of us asked, "But what if they are not simple? How Einstein the boy became Einstein the man is a story toIcl in more than one biography, but nowhere better than in Einstein's own sketch of his life, so well known as to preclude repetition here.
Who does not remember him in difficulty in secondary school, antagonized by his teacher's determination to stuff knowledge clown his throat, and in turn antagonizing the teacher? There, we recall, Einstein was sent to a special school because he could not get along in the ordinary school.
Aichelburg and R. Sexl Braunscheig: Vieweg, , p. Einstein was fascinated. He grew. He succeeded in entering the Zuricher Poiytechnikum. One who was a rector there not long ago told me that during his period of rectorship he had taken the record book from Einstein's year off the shelf. He discovered that Einstein had not been the bottom student, but next to the bottom student. Always behind. He still die! His professor, Minkowski, later to be one of the warmest defenders of Einstein's ideas, was nevertheless turned off by Einstein the stuclent.
Einstein frankly said he clislikec! He liked to read. If one thinks of him as lonesome, one makes a great mistake.
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He had close col- leagues. He talker! To Einstein's development, his few close student col- leagues meant much; but even more important were the older colleagues he met in books. Among them were Leibniz ant! Newton, Hume ant! Through their influence, he turned from mathe- matics to physics, from a subject where there are clismayingly multitudinous directions for dizzy man to choose between, to a subject where this one and only physical worIc!
Of all heroes, Spinoza was Einstein's greatest.
No one expressed more strongly than he a belief in the harmony, the beauty, and most of all- the ultimate comprehensibility of nature. In a letter to his old ant! He excused him- self from writing the biography itself on the ground that it required "exceptional purity, imagination and modesty,"T but he did write the introduction.
If it is true, as Thomas Mann tells us, that each one of us models his or her life consciously or unconsciously on someone who has gone be- fore, then who was closer to being role-creator for Einstein than Spinoza? But how?
Many a man in the street thinks of Einstein as a man who could only make headway in his work by dint of pages of complicatecl mathematics; the truth is the direct opposite. As Hilbert put it, "Every boy in the streets of our mathematical Gotungen understands more about four-dimensional geometry than Einstein.
Yet, despite that, Einstein clid the work and not the mathematicians. Where did Einstein acquire this ability to sift the essential from the non-essential? What was Einstein's first job?
In the view of many, the position of clerk in the Swiss patent office was no proper job at all, but it was the best job available to anyone with his unpromising univer- sity recorcl. He served in the Bern office for seven years, from. Every morning he faced his quota of patent applications. Those were the days when a patent application had to be accompanied by a working model.
Over and above the applications and the models was the boss, a kind man, a strict man, and a wise man. He gave strict instructions: explain very briefly, if possible in a single sentence, why the device will work or why it won't; why the application should be granted or why it should be denied. Day after day Einstein had to distill the central lesson out of objects of the greatest variety that man has power to invent.
Who knows a more marvelous way to acquire a sense of what physics is and how it works? It is no wonder that Einstein always delighted in the machinery of the physical world from the action of a compass needle to the meander- ing of a river, and from the perversities of a gyroscope to the drive of FIettner's rotor ship.
Whoever asks how Einstein won his unsurpassed power of expression, let him turn back to the days in the patent office and the boss who, "More severe than my father.
Let the secondary school student of our day take up the writings of Einstein if he would see how to make in the pithiest way a telling point.
From Bern, fate took Einstein to Zurich, to Prague, and then to the Berlin where his genius flowered. Colleagueship never meant more in his life than it did during his 19 years there, and never did he have greater colleagues: Max Planck, James Franck, Walter Nernst, Max von Laue, and others.
No tool of colleagueship was more useful than the seminar. James Franck explained to me the democracy of this trial by jury. The professor, he empha- size l, stood on no pinnacle, beyond question by any student. On the contrary, the student hac! If the writing of letters is a test of colleagueship, let no one question Einstein's power to give and to receive.
Consider his enormous correspondence. Look at the postcards he sent over the years to the closest in spirit of all his colleagues, Paul Ehrenfest in Leyden. They clear with the issues nearest to his heart at the moment, whether the direction of time in statis- tical mechanics, or quantum fluctuations in radiation, or a problem of general relativity. Or examine his correspon- clence with Max Born, or Maurice Solovine, or with everyday people. In a discussion of radiation ramping, he referred me to a published dialogue of between himself ant!
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Walter Ritz. The two men agreed to disagree ant! Dukas and B. Hoffmann, eds. Press, , p. Einstein and W. Ritz, Physikalisches Zeitschrift, 10 : Why not final conditions?
Or why not some mixture of the two? And most of all, why thus and such initial conditions and no other? No one who knows of Einstein's lifelong concern with such issues can fad!
Surely the perspective he won from these worries will someday help show us the way to Everest. But it still comes to us as a miracle that the patent office clerk was the one to clecluce this greatest of lessons about spacetime from clues on the surface so innocent as those afforded by electricity and magnetism. Would it not have been a greater miracle if anyone but a patent office clerk had discoverecl relativity? Who else conic! Reid,Hilbert Berlin: Springer, , p. If others could have given us special relativity, who else but Einstein, sixty-four years ago, could have given us gen- eral relativity?
Who else knew out of the welter of facts to fasten on that which is absolutely central?
Dict the central point come to him, as legend has it, from talking to a house- painter who tract fallen off a roof and reporter! We all know that he caller! By thus giving up gravitation, Einstein won back gravitation as a manifestation of a warp in the geometry of space. His and still standard geometric theory of gravitation can be sum- marized, we know toclay, in a single, simple sentence: "Space tells matter how to move and matter tells space how to curve.
Riemann tract stresses! Mach had argued that acceleration makes no sense except with respect to frame determinec! It is unnecessary to recall the three famous early tests of Einstein's geometric theory of gravitation: the bending of light by the sun, the re l-shift of light from the sun, and the precession of the orbit of the planet Mercury going around the sun. Neither is it necessary to expound!
Einstein showed that the law for the motion of a mass in space ant! Wheeler, University of Texas, lecture of 2 March Instead, it comes straight out of geometric law as applied to the space immecii- ately surrounding the mass in question.
Taylor, L.This author provides insights into Einstein's private and public lives. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Albert Einstein.
Einstein: His Life and Universe by Walter Isaacson
Social Studies - History , Writing. The Independent. Because of his Jewish background, Einstein did not return to Germany.
At age 13, Einstein was introduced to Kant 's Critique of Pure Reason , and Kant became his favorite philosopher, his tutor stating: Yet, despite that, Einstein clid the work and not the mathematicians.
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